A Look at the 1966 to 1974 Bear Market and Why We May Now Be Facing a Very Similar Setup

Market Update My 2010 forecast, which was released in early January, remains pretty well on tract. The only difference has been the contraction into the cyclical low in February. Statistically, that low was ideally due in late March. Nonetheless, my statistical data also told me that once that low was made, there was an 81% chance of a higher recovery high and that has certainly been seen. The task now at hand is the identification of the top of this longer-term bear market rally. I have gone back to the inception of the Dow Jones Industrial Average in 1896 and I have identified a common trait that has occurred at every major top. That statistical data can now be used to monitor this bear market rally and to identify its eventual top. It is these details that are at the core of our analysis at Cycles News & Views. From a Dow theory perspective, the bullish trend confirmation that occurred in 2009 remains intact. From a cyclical perspective, the higher degree low that began at the March 2009 low remains intact as well. Longer-term, my opinion has not changed in that based on my research, I continue to believe that this is a counter-trend advance within the context of a much longer-term secular bear market. I also continue to believe that we are operating in an environment much like that of the 1966 to 1974 bear market period. During that time, there were very broad swings with both new highs and new lows. Please see the chart of this period below. According to Dow theory, every bull and bear market is divided into 3 phases with important counter-trend moves separating each of the phases. Robert Rhea, the great Dow theorist of the 1930’s, stated that these counter-trend moves were often mistaken by the public as being a new bull or bear market rather than the counter-trend moves they are. In looking at the chart above, the first leg down of the 1966 to 1974 bear market is noted in blue on the upper chart of the Industrials. From that low, in the fall of 1966, the rally separating Phase I from Phase II of the bear market began. This rally is marked in green and in this case carried the Industrials up 26 months into the December 1968 bear market rally top. From that peak, the Phase II decline began and new lows were seen into the Phase II low in May 1970. This decline is noted in yellow. Then, came the rally separating Phase II from Phase III of the ongoing secular bear market. This advance is also marked in green and this time around it lasted 32 months and even carried the market to a new high. But, in the bigger picture, the bear market was not over and ultimately new lows were once again seen as the market moved down in conjunction with the Phase III decline. Like now, during that period, traditional Dow theory bullish primary trend changes were indeed seen. But, it was the ability of the Dow theorists of the day, who also understand phasing and valuation, that allowed them to see the context in which these bullish primary trend changes were occurring. Those who understood this got it right, while those who did not fell victim to the bear. Based on my research, I continue to believe that the bull market top occurred in 2007 and that the decline into the March 2009 low was the Phase I decline. I continue to believe that the ongoing rally is the rally that will ultimately prove to separate Phase I from Phase II of a much longer-term secular bear market. I have been asked why the bull market could not have topped in 2000 with the decline into 2002 being the Phase I decline and the rally into 2007 being the rally separating Phase I from Phase II, with the Phase II low having occurred in March 2009. That is a fair question and I will address that here, but first this answer requires a bit of history. Some of this history has been discussed here before, but apparently I did not connect some of the dots. When studying the bull and bear markets of the late 1800’s and very early 1900’s, it became apparent that the bull markets Dow, Hamilton and Rhea wrote about were one in the same as the movements of the 4-year cycle. That being said, let me make it perfectly clear that cycles have absolutely nothing to do with Dow theory. Dow theory and cycles are two completely separate tools. But, they can be used to complement each other. Anyway, I discovered that the upside movements of the 4-year cycle between 1896 and 1921 were consistent with the bull market periods in accordance with Dow theory and that the bear market periods were the downside movements of the 4-year cycle. In other words, the secular bull market was the upside piece of the 4-year cycle and the bear market was the downside piece of the cycle. My theory is that as our country grew, more and more people began investing and as a result the bull and bear market periods became longer. In doing so, the bull and bear markets evolved into a series of multiple 4-year cycle events. It was E. George Schaefer, the great Dow theorist of the 1950’s and 60’s who first recognized that these bull and bear markets had grown in duration. The first bull market to consist of multiple 4-year cycles ran from 1921 to 1929 and consisted of two 4-year cycles. The low in November 1929 was a 4-year cycle low. The rally that followed was the upside of a 4-year cycle, which served to separate Phase I from Phase II of that great bear market. This advance topped in only 5 months and once it was over, the DJIA moved down below the previous 4-year cycle low and into the 1932 4-year cycle low, which proved to be the bear market bottom. I would also like to point out that the 1921 to 1929 bull market advanced a total of 568% from the 1921 4-year cycle low at 67 on the DJIA to the 1929 4-year cycle top at a high of 381 on the DJIA. The next great bull market began with the 4-year cycle low in 1942 and ran to the 4-year cycle top in 1966. This time the secular bull market was comprised of a series of six 4-year cycles and advanced a total of 1,076% from the 1942 4-year cycle low at 93 on the DJIA to the 1966 4-year cycle top at a high of 1,001. Note that this bull market advance was roughly double the preceding great bull market. The bear market that followed was also a series of 4-year cycles. From the 1966 4-year cycle top, the bear market moved down into the 1974 bear market low. This was a series of two 4-year cycles. Now, let’s focus on the bear market declines and for today’s discussion as to why the 2000 top did not mark the phase I top, this is of particular importance. Prior to the first great bull market that ran between 1921 and 1929, the bear markets averaged some one-third the duration of the previous bull market. History shows that this relationship has also held true with the extended bull market periods as well. For example, the 1921 to 1929 bull market was 8 years in duration and the 1929 to 1932 bear market was 3 years, making the bear market’s duration 37.5% of the preceding bull market. The 1942 to 1966 bull market was 24 years in duration and the 1966 to 1974 bear market was 8 years, which was 33.3% of the duration of the preceding bull market. Now, with the last great secular bear market having bottomed in 1974, this is the point in which the last great secular bull market began. This is true from a cyclical perspective as well as from a Dow theory perspective. In fact, Richard Russell stated in his December 20, 1974 newsletter, "we are finally in the zone of great value." It was then with the price action on January 27, 1975 that Mr. Russell confirmed the bear market bottom in accordance with the methods of Charles H. Dow. Now, at the 2000 top, the third great bull market that began at the 1974 low had run some 26 years. Given that history shows the bear markets average some one-third the duration of the preceding bull market, if the top occurred in 2000, then one-third of that 26 year period would be 9 years in round numbers, which would obviously suggest a bear market bottom in 2009. True, we obviously saw an important low at the March 2009 low but, I do not believe that it market the bear market bottom. Reason being, the 2009 low did not represent a value low as has been seen at all other secular bear market bottoms. That value is representative of the dividend yield being roughly equal to the P.E. ratio. It is a fact that at true secular bear markets the dividend yield and the price earnings ratios will be roughly equal. As an example, in 1932 the yield on the S&P 500 was 10.50% and the P.E. was just under 10. In 1942 the yield was 8.71% and the P.E. was 7.3. At the 1974 bottom the yield was 5.9% and the P.E. was 7.24. Even at the 1982 low the yield was 6.2% with a P.E. of 6.9. At the March 2009 low the P.E. was 23.77 with a dividend yield of 3.58. At the October 2002 low the P.E. was 29.95 and the yield was 1.98. As you can see, neither the 2002 low nor the 2009 low represented the great values that have been seen at previous secular bear market bottoms. Thus, if the 2009 low did not mark the secular bear market low, then the 2007 top had to have marked the secular bull market top. This then means that the March 2009 low should prove to be the Phase I low and that the rally we have seen since then should ultimately prove to separate Phase I from Phase II of the ongoing secular bear market. Based on this data along with the historical relationship between bull and bear markets, this also means that the last great bull market ran 33 years into the 2007 top. Thus, the bear market that follows should run some 11 years. At present, we are merely 2 ½ years into this bear market. If the traditional relationship between bull and bear markets of the past 113 years holds true, then an idealized bottom for this bear market is not due until approximately 2018. Now, I do believe that the secular bull market tried to top in 2000. I also believe that the decline into the 2002 low initially began as the Phase I decline. But, because of the efforts by the FED, I believe they were able to resurrect the bull market and that it was stretched into the 2007 top. My research on historical bull and bear market relationships and value support this conclusion. As a result and as I have said for years now, the monkeying around with the natural forces of the economy have only managed to make matters worse and to postpone the inevitable. Had the "powers that be" left well enough alone after the 2000 top, the bear market would now be over and the stock market and the economy would now be in a real recovery. But, in an effort to save the world, they do not understand that they have simply postponed the natural corrective process that must eventually take place. I’ve included a current chart of the Industrials and the Transports below. I have again noted what I believe is the Phase I decline in blue and the rally separating Phase I from Phase II in green. For now, this bear market rally remains intact. In my research I have identified a common trait or what I refer to as a "DNA Marker" that has occurred at every major top since 1896. These details and developments are being covered in the Cycles News & Views publications. Please, take the higher level research that I have shared with you in this article seriously. Of course, the politicians and talking heads are going to tell us all that everything is fine. But, based on 113 years of market data, the bull market likely peaked in 2007 and the bear market is likely not over. As price moved down into the March 2009 low there was a convergence of cyclical lows, of which I anticipated, and I told my subscribers then that the longer the rally out of that low lasted the more convincing and therefore the more dangerous it would become. That has proven true as few can now wrap their heads around the notion that this has been a bear market advance. I hope that the research shared in this article helps.

This service is intended to be educational in nature and is not meant to be specific investment advise.

Author: Tim Wood

Tim Wood is a Certified Public Accountant. He began publishing his market letter, Cycles News & Views, www.cyclesman.com, after writing a cover article in Technical Analysis of Stocks and Commodities Magazine. In that article, he correctly identified the 2000 market top, as well as a subsequent decline that produced the 2002 bottom. Tim’s background disciplines are accounting and finance. And, he was first exposed to technical analysis during a senior-level college finance course. The course cultivated an interest that motivated him to further study of technical analysis methodology. His investigation of technical methods in the mid-1990’s led Tim to the work of the cycles pioneer, Walter Bressert, who also serves as President of the Foundation for the Study of Cycles. Tim had the honor and privilege of studying extensively under the direct supervision of Mr. Bressert. He was attracted to Mr. Bressert’s methodology by the quantifiable characteristics not found in other technical methods. Tim’s application of these cyclical and statistical based methods allowed him to correctly call the 2000 top and decline into the 2002 low. During the period from 2000 to 2002, Tim began to study Dow Theory. This lead him to the work of Richard Russell. Mr. Russell helped Tim obtain the original 1930‘s writings by Robert Rhea, the leading Dow theorist of that time. These writings and those of Mr. Rhea’s predecessor, William Peter Hamilton, influenced Tim’s eventual conclusion that there may be a connection between Dow Theory and cycles, despite the absence of an obvious link. Specifically, Tim discovered that the bull and bear market periods in the early days of the market averages were connected to the 4- year cycle. This result was supported by analyses of William Peter Hamilton and Robert Rhea. Tim was then able to dovetail the two methods, which he uses as complementary tools. So, he is able to apply a quantitative approach to Dow Theory and create a discipline not achievable with Dow Theory alone. Tim combined these methods to create a technical analysis platform that includes his Cycle Turn Indicator as well as a Direction and Swing Summary. He uses Dow Theory to profile market direction in conjunction with longer-term cycles to estimate the larger-degree trend. Then, he employs data mining techniques to determine probabilities. Probability analysis, in turn, is used in support of intermediate-term and short-term statistical inputs to cycle analysis. A composite of Primary Indicators is used to generate buy and sell signals with Confirmation Indicators intended to add a level of confidence. A set of Secondary Indicators is used to identify overbought and oversold levels that may suggest the formation of cycle tops and bottoms. The analytical method is, then, a layered approach. Dow Theory, cyclical data, and statistical probabilities are used to provide expectations about longer-term market direction. Intermediate-term, weekly Primary indicators are used to determine the right side of market position. And, when combined with intermediate-term cycle phasing, weekly evidence serves as a guide for persistence or possible change of longer-term market direction. Finally, short-term indicators are used to identify intermediate-term turning points. Tim relied on these methods to warn his subscribers of the housing top in 2005, the stock market top in 2007, the commodity top in 2008, the 2009 low in equities and of the 2011 top in gold. During the 2004 to 2007 period, he maintained that the equity market was stretching into an extended 4-year cycle top. He also contended that the liquidity infusion would only serve to make matters worse during the decline into the 4- year cycle low. This proved correct as the most severe financial decline since the 1930’s followed in the wake of that extended 4-year cycle advance. As the rally out of the 2009 low began, Tim said “the longer the rally lasts, the more dangerous it would become.” He views the current liquidity-induced advance as a contributing factor to an extension of the normal ebb and flow of the 4-year cycle. So, based on Tim’s research, he believes once again, that this will only serve to make the inevitable decline toward a 4-year cycle low even worse. Tim’s statistical-based analysis has allowed him to identify a common set of high probability occurrences that are typically seen at 4-year cycle tops. The analysis also has historical basis from the similar configuration of stock market tops in the past. Tim has maintained that the advance out of the 2009 low is likely to be a financial train wreck waiting to happen. However, he has also maintained since 2009 that the advance is likely to continue until a cyclical- and statistical-based setup has been completed. And, such a setup will be similar to those formed during other 4- year cycles and major stock market tops. Furthermore, he feels that the current case may develop more extreme conditions than some past instances. So, once his cyclical- and statistical- based setup is in place, we could be facing an even worse outcome than seen in the wake of the extended liquidity-driven 2007 top. Tim also maintains that a major cyclical bottom in gold lies ahead. Cycles News & Views presents a detailed analysis of the dollar, gold, bonds and other sectors, when appropriate, in its monthly research letters. A subscription also includes web-based updates, which are typically done three times a week.